Diabetes is a disease in which a person has high blood sugar, due to the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. There are three types of diabetes. Type1. Juvenile diabetes: in which the body’s failure to produce insulin. Type2. Adult-onset diabetes: a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly. Gestational diabetes: pregnant women, have a high blood glucose level. In all types of diabetes, signs and symptoms are more likely to be similar as the blood sugar is high. Unless something bad occurs, most signs and symptoms of diabetes are dismissed as being minor annoyances and usually ignored. Both Type one and Type two diabetes symptoms include increased thirst and urination, fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain and problems with weight.
In type1 in absence of insulin, body cells don’t get the required glucose for producing ATP (Adenosin Triphosphate) units which results into primary symptom in the form of nausea and vomiting. In later stage, which leads to ketoacidosis, the body starts breaking down the muscle tissue and fat for producing energy hence, causing fast weight loss. Dehydration is also usually observed due to electrolyte disturbance. In advanced stages, coma and death is witnessed.
Fatigue: Due to inefficiency of the cell to metabolize glucose, reserve fat of body is metabolized to gain energy. When fat is broken down in the body, it uses more energy as compared to glucose; hence body goes in negative calorie effect, which results in fatigue.
Feel Thirsty or Polydipsia: As the concentration of glucose increases in the blood, brain receives signal for diluting it and, in its counteraction we feel thirsty.
Polyuria: Increase in urine production is due to excess glucose present in body. Body gets rid of the extra sugar in the blood by excreting it through urine. This leads to dehydration because along with the sugar, a large amount of water is excreted out of the body.
Increased hunger or Polyphegia: The hormone insulin is also responsible for stimulating hunger. In order to cope up with high sugar levels in blood, body produces insulin which leads to increased hunger.
Weight fluctuation: Factors like loss of water (polyuria), glucosuria, metabolism of body fat and protein may lead to weight loss. Few cases may show weight gain due to increased appetite.
Blurry vision: Hyperosmolar hyperglycemia nonketotic syndrome is the condition when body fluid is pulled out of tissues including lenses of the eye, which affects its ability to focus, resulting blurry vision.
Irritability: It is a sign of high blood sugar because of the inefficient glucose supply to the brain and other body organ, which makes us feel tired and uneasy.
Infections : The body gives few signals whenever there is fluctuation in blood sugar (due to suppression of immune system) by frequent skin infections like fungal or bacterial or UTI (urinary tract infection).
Slow wound healing: High blood sugar resists the flourishing of WBC, (white blood cell) which is responsible for body immune system. When these cells do not function accordingly, wound healing is not at good pace. Secondly, long standing diabetes leads to thickening of blood vessels which affect proper circulation of blood in different body parts. These are the symptoms of diabetes and these are not to be ignored.
- Types of diabetes symptoms
- Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes symptoms are quite similar
- Some of the main Diabetes Symptoms
- Metformin (Glucophage) – The medicine that helps you to maintain your blood glucose level.
- Diabetes And Disease
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